Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) Friedrich Nietzsche je najvýznamnejším filozofom 19. storočia v Nemecku a v Európe. Nietzsche begins his argument by explaining that we have a need to form groups or "herds". He returned to Basel in October to resume a heavy teaching load, but as early as 1871 ill health prompted him to seek relief from the stultifying chores of a professor of classical philology; he applied for the vacant chair of philosophy and proposed Rohde as his successor, all to no avail. Phase 3. When a professorship in classical philology fell vacant in 1869 in Basel, Switzerland, Ritschl recommended Nietzsche with unparalleled praise. The final 10 sections of the book are a rhapsody about the rebirth of tragedy from the spirit of Wagner’s music. Alain LeRoy Locke was a philosopher best known for his writing on and support of the Harlem Renaissance. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. In the last decade of his life, he suffered from insanity and died on August 25, 1900. Stilul său antisistemic, aforismul sclipitor, filosofic dar totodată poetic, se dovedește a fi o piatră de temelie pentru întreaga gândire a secolului al XX-lea. In this video we will talk about how to find yourself from the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. Other works included Twilight of the Idols, The Antichrist, and Ecce Homo. Author of. In these works of the 1880s, Nietzsche developed the central points of his philosophy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. After graduating in 1864, he attended the University of Bonn for two semesters. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. Structură de fișiere: Friedrich Nietzsche si Filosofia Sa.doc; Predat: la facultate Materie: Filosofie. Greeted by stony silence at first, it became the object of heated controversy on the part of those who mistook it for a conventional work of classical scholarship. The following year Nietzsche was promoted to ordinary professor. Referat - Friedrich Nietzsche Categorie Referate Filozofie Data adaugarii acum un an Afisari 82 Etichete friedrich, nietzsche Descarcari 45 Nota 0 / 10 - 0 voturi. Friedrich Nietzsche developed his philosophy during the late 19th century. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche byl německý filozof a klasický filolog. Friedrich Nietzsche. Friedrich Nietzsche (Fridrih Niče; 15. oktobar 1844 – 25. august 1900) bio je njemački filozof, filolog i psiholog.Svoju filozofiju Nietzsche zasniva na odnosu prema antičkoj grčkoj kulturi. By this time, his friendship with Wagner had deteriorated. klasické dílko světové filozofie, ve kterém Nietzsche boří tradiční obraz morálky, hodnot a křesťanstv í; Úvodem Musím přiznat, že jsem Nietzscheho četla s nemalými obtížemi. Art Great Beautiful. Cornford wrote in 1912. He thought through the consequences of the triumph of the Enlightenment’s secularism, expressed in his observation that “God is dead,” in a way that determined the agenda for many of Europe’s most-celebrated intellectuals after his death. V podstate nehovorí o Bohu, ale o človeku, ktorý stráca vieru v Boha a tým v modernom svete stráca oporu v hierarchii hodnôt svojho života. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 1900) je jedním z významných filozofů 19. století, ale originalita jeho filozofie života je nadčasová a přesáhla hranice své doby. In 1858 he was admitted to Schulpforta, Germany’s leading Protestant boarding school. Friedrich Nietzsche: Ein Referat von Jacques Lenzen Sein Leben Seine Anfänge als Philologe -Geboren am 15.10.1844 in Röcken, gestorben am 25.8.1900 in Weimar -Fiel früh durch musisches und sprachliches Talent auf: Dichtete und komponierte in seiner Freizeit -Gründete 1860 mit Phase 2. Taking this approach, however, risks confusing aspects of the Nietzsche legend with what is important in his philosophical work, and many commentators are rightly skeptical of readings derived pri… His body of work covered a wide variety of topics, including religion, history, arts, culture, science, and philology. ... 2.VIATA SI OPERA LUI FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE . Er wurde am 15. Professor of Philosophy; Director, Center for Ideas and Society, University of California, Riverside. Největší filozof, zakázán komunistama, že svou teorií dal základ fašismu.Nietze - velmi skeptický vůči všemu. Z počátku je fascinován Schopenhauerem - tragičnost ho fascinuje, a z toho vychází. After a stay in an asylum, Nietzsche was cared for by his mother in Naumburg and his sister in Weimar, Germany. He became the youngest person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Baselin 1869 at the age of 24. Wagner appreciated Nietzsche as a brilliant professorial apostle, but Wagner’s increasing exploitation of Christian motifs, as in Parsifal (1882), coupled with his chauvinism and anti-Semitism proved to be more than Nietzsche could bear. Because his health deteriorated steadily, he resigned his professorial chair on June 14, 1879, and was granted a pension of 3,000 Swiss francs per year for six years. Friedrich Nietzsche was a famous 19th century German philosopher and philologist, known for his critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy, and science. During his time in Leipzig, he began a friendship with the composer Richard Wagner, whose music he greatly admired. Nietzsche suffered a collapse in 1889 while living in Turin, Italy. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (n. 15 octombrie 1844 , Röcken - d. 25 august 1900 , Weimar ) este unul dintre cei mai importanți filosof i europeni al secolului al XIX-lea, care a exercitat o influență remarcabilă, adesea controversată, asupra gândirii filosofice a generațiilor ce i-au urmat. Friedrich Nietzsche. All things are subject to interpretation whichever interpretation prevails at a given time is a function of power and not truth. He also began to distance himself from classical scholarship, as well as the teachings of Schopenhauer, and to take more interest in the values underlying modern-day civilization. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken bei Lützen, a small village in Prussia (part of present-day Germany). Ideile lui Nietzsche au avut și au un impact colosal asupra întregii filosofii moderne. His writings on individuality and morality in contemporary civilization influenced many major thinkers and writers of the 20th century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The last decade of his life was spent in a state of mental incapacitation. Friedrich Nietzsche s-a nascut la Rocken în 15 X. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken bei Lützen, a small village in Prussia (part of present-day Germany). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. El considera ca nu exista evidente morale, lucruri ce nu trezesc indoieli, ci doar interpretari morale, ce se schimba de la un caz la altul. Because much of Nietzsche’s philosophical work has to do with the creation of self—or to put it in Nietzschean terms, “becoming what one is”— some scholars exhibit uncommon interest in the biographical anecdotes of Nietzsche’s life. During those early Basel years Nietzsche’s ambivalent friendship with Wagner ripened, and he seized every opportunity to visit Richard and his wife, Cosima. Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school in Naumburg and then received a classical education at the prestigious Schulpforta school. His ideas on individuality, morality and the meaning of existence contributed to the thinking of philosophers Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault; Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud, two of the founding figures of psychiatry; and writers such as Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre, Thomas Mann and Hermann Hesse. Referat Filosofie - Friedrich Nietzsche [0] Filosofia. Acest referat descrie Friedrich Nietzche. In 1865 he transferred to the University of Leipzig. He wrote 'The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism' in 1905. Nietzsche’s home was a stronghold of Lutheran piety. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Friedrich Nietzsche rozvinul svou filozofii na konci 19. století. We strive for accuracy and fairness. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. Nietzsche prospered under Ritschl’s tutelage in Leipzig. 1844. Mai jos poate fi vizualizat un extras din document (aprox. moartea tatălui său, în 1849, se mută împreună cu întreaga familie la Naumburg. Zu dieser Zeit herrschte eine Reformbewegung namens „Pietismus“. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (* 15. október 1844, Röcken pri Lützene – † 25. august 1900, Weimar) bol nemeck ý filozof a filológ. Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life; he completed much of his core writing i… Within a month, while accompanying a transport of wounded, he contracted dysentery and diphtheria, which ruined his health permanently. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society and the concept of a "super-man.". Friedrich Nietzsche, German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Je odkázaný sám na seba, je osamotený, je neistý, ale je oslobodený. V první fázi tvorby, vychází z antického světa a vzorem je mu geniální umělec. H.L. Friedrich Nietzsche. During the years at Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde. Zur damaligen Zeit zeigte man sehr wohl diese Frömmigkeit nach außen. During the years in Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde (author of Psyche). The essence of all beautiful art, all great art, is gratitude. Ai gasit ceva în neregulă cu acest document? Friedrich Nietzsche - predstaviteľ voluntaristickej antropologickej filozofie životopis - Narodil sa roku 1844 v Rôckene u Lútzenu v Nemecku v rodine evanjelického farára. Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883–85) was the first thorough statement of Friedrich Nietzsche’s mature philosophy and the masterpiece of his career. Nach außen hin, war für alle die Kirche und deren Besuch das höchste G… German mechanical engineer Karl Benz designed and built the first practical automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine. He began military service in October 1867 in the cavalry company of an artillery regiment, sustained a serious chest injury while mounting a horse in March 1868, and resumed his studies in Leipzig in October 1868 while on extended sick leave from the military. Nietzsche and his younger sister, Elisabeth, were raised by their mother, Franziska. Celý život až do dospelosti prichádzal do styku len zo ženami, čo na jeho povahe zanechalo isté následky. Literary and Philosophical Work of the 1880s. He also wrote Beyond Good and Evil (published in 1886), The Genealogy of Morals (1887) and Twilight of the Idols (1889). Friedrich Nietzsche. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a … 1844. Suffering from a nervous disorder, he resigned from his post at Basel in 1879. He excelled academically and received an outstanding classical education there. Updates? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Decade of isolation and creativity (1879–89),, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Friedrich Nietzsche and his philosophy of the Superman, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Nietzsche - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music. It was undoubtedly “a work of profound imaginative insight, which left the scholarship of a generation toiling in the rear,” as the British classicist F.M. Jahrhunderts. Friedrich Nietzsche, (born October 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [Germany]—died August 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States), German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Having graduated in 1864, he went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. The future influences the present just as much as the past. He had completed neither his doctoral thesis nor the additional dissertation required for a German degree; yet Ritschl assured the University of Basel that he had never seen anyone like Nietzsche in 40 years of teaching and that his talents were limitless. Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher, essayist, and cultural critic whose writings had a major influence on Western philosophy and intellectual history. Joseph Goebbels served as minister of propaganda for the German Third Reich under Adolf Hitler — a position from which he spread the Nazi message. Others were his endorsement of self-perfection through creative drive and a "will to power," and his concept of a "super-man" or "over-man" (Übermensch), an individual who strives to exist beyond conventional categories of good and evil, master and slave. Less beneficially, certain aspects of Nietzsche's work were used by the Nazi Party of the 1930s – '40s as justification for its activities; this selective and misleading use of his work has somewhat darkened his reputation for later audiences. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Nietzsche nehľadá racionálne - vedecké dôkazy Boha, hlása smrť kresťanského Boha v zmysle noetickom (o poznaní), ale aj etickom. In this video we will understand how we can all become superhuman, according to the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. După. Despite efforts to take part in the university’s social life, the two semesters at Bonn were a failure, owing chiefly to acrimonious quarrels between his two leading classics professors, Otto Jahn and Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl. Jakožto brilantní student se už v roce 1869 stal profesorem klasické filologie na univerzitě v Basileji, ale roku 1879 musel ze zdravotních důvodů školu opustit. Phase The reason for his insanity is still unknown, although historians have attributed it to causes as varied as syphilis, an inherited brain disease, a tumor and overuse of sedative drugs. In 1869, Nietzsche took a position as a professor of classical philology at the University of Basel in Switzerland. Friedrich Nietzsche ve svých nejvýznamějších dílech týkajících se morálky (Genealogie morálky, Antikrist) vytváří teorii postavenou na negaci dosavadních morálních hodnot. Význam. Nietzsche sought refuge in music, writing a number of compositions strongly influenced by Robert Schumann, the German Romantic composer. Omissions? Gliederung: Lebensweg Werk 1. 2 pagini).. Arhiva contine 1 fisier doc de 3 pagini.. Iti recomandam sa te uiti bine pe extras si pe imaginile oferite iar daca este ceea ce-ti trebuie pentru documentarea ta, il poti descarca.. Fratele cel mare te iubeste, acest download este gratuit. Un filosof care a trait in secolul trecut si a adus un aport important la dezvoltarea conceptiei existentialiste asupra vietii umane (desi nu este nici existentialist, si nici nu a cunoscut lucrarile lui Kierkegaard) este Friedrich Nietzsche. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a pastor who died before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday. Nietzsche’s first book, Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik (1872; The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music), marked his emancipation from the trappings of classical scholarship. However, this was also a highly productive period for him as a thinker and writer. Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Friedrich Nietzsche - Dincolo de bine si de rau - „Faptul ca filozofia nu este o abstractie rece, ci traire, suferinta si sacrificiu pentru omenire il stia Nietzsche prea bine, si a fost pentru el un exemplu. Raportează problema Te-ar putea interesa și: Friedrich Nietzsche. Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher in the 17th century, was best known for his book 'Leviathan' (1651) and his political views on society. During his professorship, he published his first books, The Birth of Tragedy (1872) and Human, All Too Human (1878). He became the only student ever to publish in Ritschl’s journal, Rheinisches Museum (“Rhenish Museum”). He was widely known for his ideas and concepts like death of God, perspectivism, the Übermensch, eternal recurrence, and the … In 1864 Friedrich Nietzsche went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. Friedrich Nietzsche s-a nascut la Rocken in 15 X. In 1850 the family moved to Naumburg on the Saale River, where Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school, the Domgymnasium. Narodil sa 15. októbra 1844 v Röckene v rodine evanjelického farára, ktorý zomrel, keď bol Nietzsche ešte malý chlapec. Death God Shadow. Friedrich Nietzsche . His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of intellects. In his brilliant but relatively brief career, Friedrich Nietzsche published numerous major works of philosophy, including Twilight of the Idols and Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher during the Enlightenment era of the late 18th century. Friedrich Nietzsche s-a născut la 15 octombrie 1844 la Röcken, în Germania. He transferred to the University of Leipzig, where he studied philology, a combination of literature, linguistics and history. Um Friedrich Nietzsche besser zu verstehen sollte man die Zeit, in der er lebte genauer anschauen. Friedrich Nietzsche’s home was a stronghold of Lutheran piety. Nietzsche is regarded as a major influence on 20th-century philosophy, theology and art. The term, which might be translated as ‘resentment’, though in most places it is generally left in the original French, is usually associated with German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, who defined it as a slave morality. For much of the following decade, Nietzsche lived in seclusion, moving from Switzerland to France to Italy when he was not staying at his mother's house in Naumburg. A speculative rather than exegetical work, it argued that Greek tragedy arose out of the fusion of what he termed Apollonian and Dionysian elements—the former representing measure, restraint, and harmony and the latter representing unbridled passion—and that Socratic rationalism and optimism spelled the death of Greek tragedy. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! German philosopher and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx published 'The Communist Manifesto' and 'Das Kapital,' anticapitalist works that form the basis of Marxism. Následujících 10 let strávil na cestách po Evropě, kde napsal většinu svých velkých děl. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). - V piatich rokoch stráca otca, je vychovávaný prevažne ženami v duchu protestanskej zbožnosti, stal sa z neho slabý chlapec, čo si však uvedomoval a pokúšal sa tomu čeliť prísnou sebakázňou. Referat Domeniu: Filosofie Data publicare: 05.06.2010. German Romantic composer, pianist and conductor Felix Mendelssohn wrote the Overture to a 'Midsummer Night's Dream' and founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. Friedrich Nietzsche, filozof al culturii, filolog, scriitor, una dintre personalităţile ilustre ale gândirii moderne din secolul al XIX-lea, s-a născut la 15 octombrie 1844, la Rocken/Lutzen, in Germania, într-o familie de pastori protestanţi.